Corresponding authors: Alberto Caruso, Lucrezia Reichlin, Giovanni Ricco
This paper highlights the anomalous characteristics of the Euro Area "twin crises" by contrasting the aggregate acroeconomic dynamics in the period 2009-2013 with the business cycle fluctuations of the previous decades. We report three novel stylised facts. First, the contraction in output was marked by an anomalous downfall in private investment and an increase in households' savings, while consumption and unemployment followed their historical relation with GDP. Second, households' and financial corporations' debts, and house prices deviated from their pre-crisis trends, while non-financial corporations debt followed historical regularities. Third, the jump in the public deficit-GDP ratio in 2008-2009 was unprecedented and so was the fiscal consolidation that followed. Our analysis points to the financial nature of the crisis as a likely explanation for these facts. Importantly, the "anomalous" increase in public debt is in large part explained by extraordinary measures in support of the financial sector, which show up in the stock-flow adjustments and reveal a key interaction between the fiscal and the financial sectors.
JEL Classification: C11; C32; C54; E52; E62; F45
Keywords: Euro Area; Government Debt; Recessions; Financial Crises; Business Cycles.