Campaign Spending In Open Lists Proportional Systems

Working Papers

CSC Working paper n. 5 2019

Corresponding author: Piergiorgio Carapella

We analyse how candidates engage in campaign advertising in a proportional (PR) system with preference votes. Candidates are policy motivated and they compete in a two seats district. We compare our model to other setups, single district and closed list, and we show that in open lists intraparty competition drives candidate to spend more on campaign activities. We then test our model using an original dataset of Lombardy's Regional Elections. Campaign spending positively depends on intraparty competition, the candidate position in the list and on the vote share of the party, moreover, in closed lists the total level of spending is lower.

JEL Classification: D71; D72

Keywords: Campaign Spending; Proportional Systems; Italian Elections; Districting.


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